Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
 Open access journal indexed with Index Medicus & ISI's SCI  
Users online: 514  
Home | Subscribe | Feedback | Login 
About Latest Articles Back-Issues Article Submission Resources Sections Etcetera Contact
 
  NAVIGATE Here 
 ::   Next article
 ::   Previous article
 ::   Table of Contents

 RESOURCE Links
 ::   Similar in PUBMED
 ::  Search Pubmed for
 ::  Search in Google Scholar for
 ::Related articles
 ::   Citation Manager
 ::   Access Statistics
 ::   Reader Comments
 ::   Email Alert *
 ::   Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed7452    
    Printed118    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded114    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal


 

 PAPERS
Year : 1992  |  Volume : 38  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 171-4

What should be called a brisk 'Y' descent?


Dept of Cardiology, KEM Hospital, Parel, Bombay, Maharashtra.

Correspondence Address:
B Dalvi
Dept of Cardiology, KEM Hospital, Parel, Bombay, Maharashtra.

Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 0001307587

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Patients with pericardial constriction show a prominent 'y' descent in right atrial and vena caval pressure traces. In all earlier hemodynamic descriptions of constrictive pericarditis, the 'y' descent has been described as 'brisk', 'sharp' or 'rapid' but no effort has been made to quantify the same. In this study, we have tried to objectively evaluate and describe this 'y' descent by measuring its negative slope (-dy/dt) at its steepest portion. Forty one patients were studied hemodynamically, 9 with constrictive pericarditis (Group I) and 32 normals (Group II). The negative slope of the 'y' descent in patients with constrictive pericarditis (69.95 +/- 23.04 mm Hg) was found to be significantly greater than normals (35.13 +/- 7.84 mm Hg, p < 10(-6). Discriminant analysis was used to determine its sensitivity, specificity, predictive value and overall accuracy, in the diagnosis of pericardial constriction. Value of > or = 45 mm Hg/sec was found to have the highest overall accuracy (0.88). The correlation between the right ventricular end diastolic pressure and the slope of 'y' descent in patients with pericardial constriction (r = 0.66) and in normals (r = 0.60) was fair. It is concluded that -dy/dt is significantly different in patients with constrictive pericarditis as compared to normals. The diagnostic utility of this parameter needs to be evaluated in patients with equivocal clinical and hemodynamic data, in those with occult pericardial constriction and in post-pericardiectomy cases where the pressures do not normalise immediately after adequate pericardial resection.






[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*


        
Print this article     Email this article

Online since 12th February '04
2004 - Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Official Publication of the Staff Society of the Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow