Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, India.DM Thappa
Department of Dermatology and STD, JIPMER, Pondicerry - 605006, India., India
Keywords: Academic Medical Centers, history,organization &administration,Education, Medical, Graduate, Education, Medical, Undergraduate, History of Medicine, 20th Cent., India, Organizational Objectives, Research,
Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) is located in the Western entrance of Pondicherry on the high way leading to Tindivanam. Its campus is spread over 197 acres of sloping land that is a hillock, known in vernacular as “Gorimedu”. The campus contains well laid out roads, green trees and plants. The campus consists of the hospital, college buildings, hostel buildings named after medical scientists like Harvey, Lister etc., and residential quarters for various categories of employees. The campus is self sufficient in many ways. The water supply is maintained by CPWD (Central Public Works Department). Post office, Bank, Shopping complex, Community Hall, temple etc., are situated within the campus. The hospital is under the direct control of Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi.
JIPMER traces its origin to November, 1956, when the ‘ECOLE DE MEDICINE DE PONDICHERY’ established in 1823 and maintained by French Government, was taken over by the Government of India, in the wake of the ‘de facto’ transfer of Pondicherry and this medical school was set up as a medical college in line with the policy of having uniform minimum standard of medical education throughout the country. On 13th July, 1964, the college buildings were inaugurated by Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, the then President of India. This hospital is named after the then first Prime Minister of India, Mr. Jawaharlal Nehru and it was inaugurated by the then Health Minister of India Hon’ble Sushila Nayyar on 24.04.1966. The third phase was opened by Mr. K.K. Shah, the then Governor of Tamil Nadu on 23.06.1971.
1. Patient Care
2. Undergraduate and Postgraduate education
1. To develop patterns of teaching in undergraduate and postgraduate medical education so as to establish and demonstrate high standards of medical education to all medical colleges and other allied institutions in India.
2. To bring together in one place, educational facilities of the highest order for the training of personnel in all important branches of health activity.
3. To attain self-sufficiency in postgraduate medical education and to render medical care of the highest order.
4. To provide teachers of caliber and to provide a forum for useful research
Various courses offered are in the undergraduates [M.B.B.S. and B.Sc. (M.L.T.)], postgraduates [Degree of Doctor of Medicine (MD) in physiology, biochemistry, pathology, microbiology, pharmacology, general medicine, obstetrics and gynaecology, paediatrics, radio-diagnosis, anaesthesiology, dermatology, venereology and leprosy, community medicine, tuberculosis and respiratory diseases, and psychiatry, Degree of Master of Surgery (MS) in anatomy, general surgery, orthopaedic surgery, ophthalmology, and ENT, Diplomas in orthopaedics, ophthalmology, medical radiodiagnosis, leprosy, child health and M.Sc. (medical biochemistry)] and higher speciality areas like M.Ch.(urology, cardio-thoracic and vascular surgery), Ph.D anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pathology, microbiology, pharmacology).Other courses run in this institute are B.M.R.Sc.(Bachelor of Medical Record Science), M.R.O.(Medical Record Officer), and M.R.T.( Medical Record Technician).
The candidates are admitted for all the above courses on the basis of Common All India Entrance Examinations. For M.D., M.S. and Diploma courses the entrance examination is conducted at Pondicherry and Chennai. For the Undergraduate MBBS, the entrance examination is conducted at Pondicherry, Chennai, Hyderabad, New Delhi, Calcutta and Tiruvananthapuram. The results are published within a week and the selection is made purely based on the marks obtained in the entrance examination.
JIPMER is having a fully air-conditioned library. It consists of four sections, i.e., book Section with reading hall of reading capacity for 175, bound volume section with reading facility in the basement, periodical section in the first floor and a magazine section.
In view of the initiative taken by JIPMER in the field of medical education, the first National Teacher Training Centre was established in JIPMER, Pondicherry, in the year 1975. The first National Course was held in March 1976.
The faculty development process continued and today there is a team of ten faculty members belonging to pre, para and clinical disciplines plus a full time Associate Professor of Educational Technology. The National Courses on Educational Science for Teachers of Health Professionals are held twice a year during the months of February and September. These courses are meant to sensitize the medical teachers and make them aware of the modern concepts of educational science and technology. Eight hundred and ninety-three participants from various medical colleges in India have participated in the 41 national courses conducted so far. Medical teachers from developing countries, e.g., 8 from Bangladesh, 8 from Nepal, one from Mangolia and two from Afghanistan have also undergone training in NTTC, JIPMER.
This centre has provided consultancy services or technical guidance to various institutions in India and Bangladesh. The medical teachers trained in this centre have taken keen initiative in establishing sister NTTCs in India, viz., NTTCs at P.G.l., Chandigarh, B.H.U., Varanasi and MAMC, New Delhi. This centre also assisted active ME cells at JNMC, Belgaum, KMC, Manipal, Medical College, Trivandrum, Medical College, Viskhapatnam, to achieve their goals. The centre has diversified activities. This has been designated as one of the collaborating centres for disaster preparedness training of health professionals.
JIPMER continues to be a premier medical institute in the country. It is known for both quality of medical education and health care offered to the people of Pondicherry and surrounding areas of Tamilnadu. It is ranked as the topmost medical institution offering undergraduate medical education and ranked number three as far as postgraduate medical education is concerned in our country.
A number of scientific conferences/workshops/seminars are held in the Institute throughout the year. To encourage students in their academic endeavors, a number of awards have been instituted. The prestigious award for the undergraduate is best outgoing graduate student award. These awards are given annually on Institute day. Besides curricular activities for the students, extracurricular activities are organized in the campus in the form of annual inter medical and sports meet.
As a part of infrastructure development, recently new Emergency Block and Administrative Block have been added and proposal are underway for Maternal and Child Health Block, Super specialty Block, and Auditorium of 1000 individuals capacity.
Contribution to medical education in India can be judged from a number of books written by faculty members of JIPMER. Members of the staff of JIPMER had received several awards and recognitions for their scientific contribution to the profession and research, a glimpse of this can be had from the Institute Annual Day Report from our website. A number of faculty members are editorial board members of prestigious national and international journals. Indian Journal of Pharmacology, official publication of Indian Pharmacological Society, is edited and published from this Institute. Our present Director, Dr R Sambasiva Rao is taking all out efforts to make this Institute a role model for other institutions to follow, though it had been so in the past too.
This hospital is rendering patient care services both as out-patients and in-patients. For regular visits (not in emergency) patients are requested to wait in queue at the entrance of Medical Records Department to get Short Term Card (S.T.C.). Those desiring consultation with Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Psychiatry and those referred from outside for diseases like tuberculosis and cardiovascular diseases may get Comprehensive Case Record (C.C.R.) at O.C.R. counter. Registration Timings are from 8 AM to 10.30 AM on all working days. After registration, the patients will be directed to the concerned OPD by the Medical Records Clerk (M.R.C.) and the patients may wait in a queue to see the doctor. When the patient’s turn comes, the doctor will attend and suitably advise him/her for further management.
Comprehensive health care is provided through Rural Health Centre at Ramanathapuram and Urban Health Centre at Kuruchikuppam. The major focus of these health centers is around family as a unit to receive total health care. To achieve this objective a ‘Family Folder’ is maintained for each family in these centers. The status of health, episodes of illness and all services rendered to the family both in the centers and in the homes are carefully documented in the individual health cards maintained for each member of the family in those folders. Both centers have already reached all the ‘Health for All’ targets set for 2000 AD. Consultancy services of various specialties are being provided at door steps through mobile clinics.