| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2006 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 5-10
Cardiovascular involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus: An autopsy study of 27 patients in India
L Panchal, Smita Divate, P Vaideeswar, SP Pandit
Department of Pathology, Seth G. S. Medical College and K.E.M. Hospital, Parel, Mumbai-400012, India
Background: Although cardiovascular disease (CVD) is recognized as a leading cause of death in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in western countries, there is hardly any data regarding Indian subjects with SLE.
Aims: To determine the incidence of cardiac abnormalities and vascular lesions at autopsy and to assess their contribution to the mortality in patients with SLE
Settings and Design: Retrospective retrieval of reports of autopsies performed on 35 patients with SLE over a 11 year period and analysis of 27 cases with cardiac and/or vascular lesions.
Materials and Methods: Gross and microscopic features in 27 autopsies were analyzed with special attention to the heart and the vasculature of all organs. Findings were correlated with clinical features and ante-mortem investigations. Their contribution towards mortality was assessed.
Results: Valvar lesions were the commonest cardiac lesions noted with non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis in nine (33.33%), valvar thickening in two (7.41%), Libman-Sacks endocarditis and infective endocarditis in one (3.70%) each. Myocarditis and myocardial scarring were seen in 10 (37.03%) and seven (25.92%) cases, respectively. Fibrinous pericarditis was noted in seven (25.92%). Thromboses/ embolism, vasculitis and severe coronary atherosclerosis were seen in nine (33.33%), five (18.52%) and one (3.70%) subjects, respectively. Renal disease [13, 48.14%] and cardiovascular manifestations [8, 29.62%] were the leading causes of death in our patient population.
Conclusion: CVD contributes significantly to the mortality in patients with SLE in India. It is second only to renal disease in this regard
Department of Pathology, Seth G. S. Medical College and K.E.M. Hospital, Parel, Mumbai-400012
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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