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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 21-24

Stomaplasty-anterior advancement flap and lateral splaying of trachea, a simple and effective technique


Head and Neck Institute, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Kochi, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
M A Kuriakose
Head and Neck Institute, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Kochi, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0022-3859.39185

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Background: Stomal stenosis after laryngectomy is a common and distressing complication. Once sets in, it is generally progressive, causes problems and needs active intervention. Aim: To evaluate effectiveness of new simple method of stomaplasty in solving troublesome complication of stoma stenosis. Settings and Design: Charts of eight patients who underwent modified stomaplasty and completed 1 year were reviewed. Materials and Methods: A modified anterior advancement flap and lateral splaying of trachea for stoma plasty are described. This involves excision of scar tissue of the anterior two-third of trachea and interposition of the defect with an inferiorly based triangular skin flap. The tracheo-esophageal-prosthesis (TEP) site is left untouched. Statistical Analysis: Outcome were measured in relation with need for further stenting or any other revision procedure required and ability to use TEP for speech production. Results: Eight patients underwent stoma revision surgery. Median preprocedure stoma diameter was 10 mm vertically (range 8-12 mm) and 6 mm horizontally (range 5-10 mm). This could be improved to 25 mm (range 22-30 mm) vertically and 16 mm (range 14-20 mm) horizontally after stoma revision. At 1-year follow-up, the median measurements were 20 mm (range 16-26) vertically and 14 mm (range 12-18) horizontally. Postprocedure, one patient required intermittent stenting at nighttime. All patients could use the TEP effectively. One patient who underwent salvage laryngectomy following chemoradiotherapy developed flap dehiscence. Conclusions: This is a simple and effective technique for stomaplasty. All patients treated with this technique had adequately large stoma for breathing and use of TEP.






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Online since 12th February '04
2004 - Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Official Publication of the Staff Society of the Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow