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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 106-109

Fournier's gangrene in Mansoura Egypt: A review of 74 cases


Department of General Surgery, Mansoura Faculty of Medicine, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
W M Ghnnam
14 Gawad Hosney Street, Sherbin, Dakahlia, 35665
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0022-3859.40776

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Background: Fournier's gangrene (FG), caused by synergistic aerobic and anaerobic organisms, is a life-threatening disorder in which infection of the perineum and scrotum (can affect penis alone) spreads along fascial planes, leading to soft-tissue necrosis. Despite antibiotics and aggressive debridement, the mortality rate of FG remains high. Materials and Methods: We analyzed 74 patients admitted to our institution's emergency surgical unit presenting with FG between January 2002 and January 2007, considering the anatomical site of infective gangrene, predisposing factors, etiological agents, and outcomes. Results: All the 74 patients included in this study were males; their mean age was 51±10.8 years (21-72 years). The mean duration from the onset of symptoms to admission to the hospital was 3.74±2.09 days (1-8 days). The mean hospitalization time was 9.2± 6.6 days (1-31). Forty patients (54.05%) had FG secondary to anorectal conditions. No etiologic factors for FG were found in 27 patients (36.5%). Diabetes mellitus as a predisposing factor was found in 38 patients (51.35%). There was no definite predisposing factor in 24 patients (32.43%). The microbiological finding was polymicrobial in 48 patients (64.8%) and monomicrobial in 26 patients (35.1%). The most frequent bacterial organisms were Escherichia coli (75.6%). Simple sigmoid loop colostomy was done in one patient (1.4%). Unilateral orchidectomy was done in one case (1.4%). The overall mortality rate was 16 patients (21.6%). Conclusion: FG is a rapidly progressive, fulminant infection. Even with aggressive surgical and medical treatment, mortality of the disease is high. In the present cases, such a high ratio of 21.6% means that this disease is still serious and fatal in Egypt.






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