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CASE SNIPPET
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 57  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 223-224

Face to face: Misplaced intrauterine device and abdominal ectopic pregnancy


Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seth G.S. Medical College and K.E.M. Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Date of Web Publication22-Sep-2011

Correspondence Address:
S V Parulekar
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seth G.S. Medical College and K.E.M. Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0022-3859.85217

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How to cite this article:
Parulekar S V. Face to face: Misplaced intrauterine device and abdominal ectopic pregnancy. J Postgrad Med 2011;57:223-4

How to cite this URL:
Parulekar S V. Face to face: Misplaced intrauterine device and abdominal ectopic pregnancy. J Postgrad Med [serial online] 2011 [cited 2019 Nov 13];57:223-4. Available from: http://www.jpgmonline.com/text.asp?2011/57/3/223/85217


A 22-year-old married gravida 2 para 1 woman presented with 5 weeks of amenorrhea and mild pain in the lower abdomen for 2 days. Her past menstrual cycles had been every 28 days, regular, and moderate in flow. She had a normal delivery 2 years ago. She had a Copper T intrauterine device (IUD) in the uterus. Her past medical and surgical history was not contributory. Her general examination revealed no abnormality. The abdomen was soft. Speculum examination showed the cervix to be congested. Threads of the IUD were absent. On bimanual pelvic examination there was no pelvic tenderness, the uterus was of normal size and the adnexae were not palpable. There was no pelvic mass. A pregnancy test on urine was positive. Pelvic ultrasonography showed the uterus to be empty, the adnexae normal, and the IUD on right side of the uterus. Serum beta hCG was 1250 mIU/ml. The test was repeated after 48 h, when the value was 1365 mIU/ml. A diagnosis of an ectopic pregnancy was made and the patient was offered surgical treatment by laparoscopy along with removal of the misplaced IUD. The IUD was found to be in the right broad ligament, with its lower end projecting from the posterior leaf of the broad ligament. An ectopic pregnancy was found implanted on the back of the right broad ligament away from the right tube and ovary [Figure 1].
Figure 1: Abdominal ectopic pregnancy with misplaced intrauterine device

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The IUD and the ectopic pregnancy were removed using grasping forceps passed through an accessory port. The patient made an uneventful recovery. Her beta hCG level was found to be zero, 1 week after the procedure.

A very early primary abdominal ectopic pregnancy has not yet been documented photographically yet in the world literature. The only documentation is of an intrauterine implantation of the blastocyst. [1] This patient would have been treated satisfactorily by observation alone or with methotrexate therapy. [2] However, the misplaced IUD had to be removed and, hence, there was no option to performing a laparoscopy. The ectopic pregnancy could be documented only because of the laparoscopy. The image is presented because such pictures are unlikely to be available with modern methods of treatment of early ectopic pregnancies.

 
 :: References Top

1.Cunningham FH, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, Hauth JC, Rouse DJ, Spong CY, editors. Williams Obstetrics. 23rd edition. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2010. pp. 36-77.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.Damario MA, Rock JA. Ectopic pregnancy. In: Rock JA, Jones HW III, editors. TeLinde's Operative Gynecology. 10th edition. New Delhi: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2009. pp. 798-824.  Back to cited text no. 2
    


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Online since 12th February '04
2004 - Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Official Publication of the Staff Society of the Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
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