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 CASE REPORT
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 60  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 200-201

Increasing serum calcium levels and recent return from transplantation as clues to the tuberculous nature of refractory peritoneal dialysis peritonitis


Department of Nephrology, Biomedical Research Institute IIS-Foundation Jimenez Diaz/Autonomous University of Madrid, Renal Research Institute Queen Sofia (IRSIN) and Kidney Research Network REDINREN, Madrid, Spain

Correspondence Address:
Dr. A Ortiz
Department of Nephrology, Biomedical Research Institute IIS-Foundation Jimenez Diaz/Autonomous University of Madrid, Renal Research Institute Queen Sofia (IRSIN) and Kidney Research Network REDINREN, Madrid
Spain
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0022-3859.132348

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Peritoneal tuberculosis is an uncommon complication of peritoneal dialysis in Europe. It is more common in Asian immigrants. A delayed diagnosis is frequent and impairs patient outcomes. We present two cases of peritoneal tuberculosis with common features that may help suspect the disease early countries with a low incidence. Both patients were females (of Spanish origin) who had recently restarted peritoneal dialysis following kidney transplantation. Both developed bacterial peritonitis clinically that was refractory to conventional antibiotics, despite clearance of bacteria. Both stopped calcium-containing phosphate binders because of increasing serum calcium that in one case led to frank hypercalcemia that persisted despite low calcium dialysate. Peritoneal biopsy was the first positive test in both cases. This report emphasizes the recent return from transplantation and rising serum calcium levels as features that should alert the physician of a potential underlying tuberculous peritonitis.






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Online since 12th February '04
2004 - Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Official Publication of the Staff Society of the Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow