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 BRIEF REPORT
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 102-104

Stressful life events, hopelessness, and suicidal intent in patients admitted with attempted suicide in a tertiary care general hospital


1 Department of Psychiatry, HBT Medical College and Dr. RN Cooper Municipal General Hospital, Mumbai, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, NKP Salve Institute of Medical Science and Lata Mangeshkar Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, TN Medical College and BYL Nair Charitable Hospital, Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
S V Jaiswal
Department of Psychiatry, HBT Medical College and Dr. RN Cooper Municipal General Hospital, Mumbai
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0022-3859.180556

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Background: Suicide is a psychiatric emergency. Stressors in life and social variables (like marital status, family, and social support) are among the determinants of suicide. Hopelessness and suicidal intent are among the psychological variables that have shown promise in the prediction of suicide. Aims and Objectives: To assess stressful life events, hopelessness, suicidal intent, and sociodemographic variables in patients of attempted suicide. Materials and Methods: Fifty consecutive patients admitted with attempted suicide were interviewed. Presumptive Stressful Life Event Scale, Beck Hopelessness Scale, and Beck Suicidal Intent Scale were used along with a semistructured pro forma for interview. Data were analyzed with statistical tests. Results: Sixty-six percent of the participants were females, 72% were less than 30 years of age. Sixty-six percent of the patients had stressful life event score between 101 and 200 with the mean score of 127. The stressful life event score in those who considered they are in need of psychiatric help was significantly high. Most of the patients had mild (34%) and moderate (40%) degrees of hopelessness, and the mean score was 9.64. The mean suicidal intent in the participants was 25.14, when correlated with hopelessness score significant positive correlation was found. Conclusion: Lethality of the attempt increases with the increase in hopelessness.






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Online since 12th February '04
2004 - Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Official Publication of the Staff Society of the Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow