Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
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Year : 1999  |  Volume : 45  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 110-3  

Anthropometry, lipid profile and dietary pattern of patients with chronic ischaemic heart disease.

BU Vajifdar, VS Goyal, YY Lokhandwala, SR Mhamunkar, SP Mahadik, AK Gawad, SA Halankar, HL Kulkarni 
 Department of Cardiology, Seth G. S. Medical College and K.E.M. Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, India., India

Correspondence Address:
B U Vajifdar
Department of Cardiology, Seth G. S. Medical College and K.E.M. Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, India.
India

The anthropometry, lipid profile and dietary characteristics of 114 patients with chronic ischaemic heart disease (IHD) were evaluated. There were 91 (80%) men and the mean age was 56 +/- 9 years. The body mass index was near normal (24.4 +/- 3.4), but the waist: hip ratio was high (0.94 +/- 0.06) suggesting central obesity. This was well in accordance of the step II recommendations of the NCEP guidelines as regards their caloric intake and its break-up in terms of carbohydrate, protein and fat (including saturated, mono-unsaturated and poly-unsaturated fatty acids) content. Their daily cholesterol intake (31 +/- 32 mg/day, range 4-180) was very low. The total cholesterol (212 +/- 37 mg%) was marginally elevated, HDL cholesterol (33 +/- 7.5 mg%) was low, LDL cholesterol (148 +/- 39 mg%) was high and the total: HDL ratio (6.8 +/- 2.0) was significantly abnormal. The serum triglyceride level (154 +/- 68 mg%) was on the higher side of normal. These observations give further credence to the recently evolving view that there are different and hitherto unrecognised risk factors of IHD in Indians, who seem to have the highest incidence of IHD amongst all ethnic groups of the world despite consuming a diet low in fat and cholesterol content.


How to cite this article:
Vajifdar B U, Goyal V S, Lokhandwala Y Y, Mhamunkar S R, Mahadik S P, Gawad A K, Halankar S A, Kulkarni H L. Anthropometry, lipid profile and dietary pattern of patients with chronic ischaemic heart disease. J Postgrad Med 1999;45:110-3


How to cite this URL:
Vajifdar B U, Goyal V S, Lokhandwala Y Y, Mhamunkar S R, Mahadik S P, Gawad A K, Halankar S A, Kulkarni H L. Anthropometry, lipid profile and dietary pattern of patients with chronic ischaemic heart disease. J Postgrad Med [serial online] 1999 [cited 2020 Apr 7 ];45:110-3
Available from: http://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=1999;volume=45;issue=4;spage=110;epage=3;aulast=Vajifdar;type=0


 
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