Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 56  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 131-139  

Genitourinary imaging: Current and emerging applications

PM O' Donoghue, SE McSweeney, K Jhaveri 
 Joint Department of Medical Imaging, University Health Network and Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, 610 University Ave, Toronto, ON, M5G 2M9, Canada

Correspondence Address:
K Jhaveri
Joint Department of Medical Imaging, University Health Network and Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, 610 University Ave, Toronto, ON, M5G 2M9
Canada

This review discusses the current and emerging techniques in urinary tract imaging. Recent technical advances and novel discoveries make this an exciting but challenging time for urinary tract imaging. The first section describes the imaging of the adrenal gland which has made great strides in the last decade, the current major adrenal imaging modalities as well as new applications are discussed with particular attention to the role of imaging in the incidentally detected adrenal lesion. In the second section the role of ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) in evaluation of the renal tract are discussed with the new technical advances leading to earlier detection and characterization of renal lesions. Complementary to this is the emerging role of CT and MR urography in assessment of the urinary tract and bladder in contrast to the demise of plain film studies/intravenous urography. The role of CT angiography in assessment of the renal vasculature is also discussed. The third section discusses the role of prostate imaging in the diagnosis, staging and management of prostate cancer. Transrectal ultrasonography, can be used to guide biopsy, CT is frequently used in staging, with bone scintigraphy and positron emission tomography having roles in advanced disease. Currently, all imaging modalities, especially MR are evolving to improve disease detection and staging. The final section discusses the recently encountered adverse reaction of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis in patients post gadolinium-enhanced MRI and how to help prevent this adverse reaction.


How to cite this article:
O' Donoghue P M, McSweeney S E, Jhaveri K. Genitourinary imaging: Current and emerging applications.J Postgrad Med 2010;56:131-139


How to cite this URL:
O' Donoghue P M, McSweeney S E, Jhaveri K. Genitourinary imaging: Current and emerging applications. J Postgrad Med [serial online] 2010 [cited 2020 Apr 7 ];56:131-139
Available from: http://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=2010;volume=56;issue=2;spage=131;epage=139;aulast=O%27;type=0


 
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