Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 61  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 92-94  

Surgical checklist application and its impact on patient safety in pediatric surgery

SN Oak1, NM Dave2, MB Garasia2, SV Parelkar3 
1 Department of Paediatric Surgery, Dr. DY Patil University, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Anaesthesiology, Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Paediatric Surgery, Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
S N Oak
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Dr. DY Patil University, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra
India

Background: Surgical care is an essential component of health care of children worldwide. Incidences of congenital anomalies, trauma, cancers and acquired diseases continue to rise and along with that the impact of surgical intervention on public health system also increases. It then becomes essential that the surgical teams make the procedures safe and error proof. The World Health Organization (WHO) has instituted the surgical checklist as a global initiative to improve surgical safety. Aims: To assess the acceptance, application and adherence to the WHO Safe Surgery Checklist in Pediatric Surgery Practice at a university teaching hospital. Materials and Methods: In a prospective study, spanning 2 years, the checklist was implemented for all patients who underwent operative procedures under general anesthesia. The checklist identified three phases of an operation, each corresponding to a specific period in the normal flow of work: Before the induction of anesthesia (DQsign inDQ), before the skin incision (DQtime outDQ) and before the patient leaves the operating room (DQsign outDQ). In each phase, an anesthesiologist,-DQchecklist coordinator,DQ confirmed that the anesthesia, surgery and nursing teams have completed the listed tasks before proceeding with the operation and exit. The checklist was used for 3000 consecutive patients. Results: No major perioperative errors were noted. In 54 (1.8%) patients, children had the same names and identical surgical procedure posted on the same operation list. The patient identification tag was missing in four (0.1%) patients. Mention of the side of procedures was missing in 108 (3.6%) cases. In 0.1% (3) of patients there was mix up of the mention of side of operation in the case papers and consent forms. In 78 (2.6%) patients, the consent form was not signed by parents/guardians or the side of the procedure was not quoted. Antibiotic orders were missing in five (0.2%) patients. In 12 (0.4%) cases, immobilization of the patients was suboptimal, which led to displacement of diathermy grounding pad. In 54 (1.8%) patients, the checklist was not used at all. In 76 (2.5%) patients the checklist was found to be incompletely filled. Conclusions: Our study supports the use of the checklist as an essential safety tool and reinforcement of the same. The checklist may act as a valuable prompt to focus the team, to ensure that even the simple things have been cared for.


How to cite this article:
Oak S N, Dave N M, Garasia M B, Parelkar S V. Surgical checklist application and its impact on patient safety in pediatric surgery .J Postgrad Med 2015;61:92-94


How to cite this URL:
Oak S N, Dave N M, Garasia M B, Parelkar S V. Surgical checklist application and its impact on patient safety in pediatric surgery . J Postgrad Med [serial online] 2015 [cited 2020 Aug 4 ];61:92-94
Available from: http://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=2015;volume=61;issue=2;spage=92;epage=94;aulast=Oak;type=0


 
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