Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 226-231  

Insomnia and risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis

K Wijarnpreecha1, C Thongprayoon1, P Panjawatanan2, P Ungprasert3 
1 Department of Internal Medicine, Bassett Medical Center, Cooperstown, NY, USA
2 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
3 Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Rochester, Minnesota, USA; Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Correspondence Address:
K Wijarnpreecha
Department of Internal Medicine, Bassett Medical Center, Cooperstown, NY
USA

Aim: This sudy aims to investigate the association between insomnia or excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods: We searched published studies indexed in MEDLINE and EMBASE database from inception to December 2015. Studies that reported odds ratios (ORs), risk ratios, hazard ratios or standardized incidence ratio with 95% confidence intervals (CI) comparing the risk of NAFLD among participants who had insomnia or EDS versus those without insomnia or EDS were included. Pooled ORs and 95% CI were calculated using a random-effect, generic inverse variance method of DerSimonian and Laird. Cochran's Q test and I2 statistic were used to determine the between-study heterogeneity. Results: Our search strategy yielded 2117 potentially relevant articles (781 articles from MEDLINE and 1336 articles from EMBASE). After comprehensive review, seven studies (three cross-sectional studies and four case–control studies) were found to be eligible and were included in the meta-analysis. The risk of NAFLD in participants who had insomnia was significantly higher with the pooled OR of 1.13 (95% CI, 1.00–1.27). The statistical heterogeneity was moderate with an I2 of 62%. Elevated risk of NAFLD was also observed among participants with EDS even though the 95% CI was wider and did not reach statistical significance (pooled OR 2.21; 95% CI, 0.84–5.82). The statistical heterogeneity was moderate with an I2 of 62%. Conclusions: Our study demonstrated an increased risk of NAFLD among participants who had insomnia or EDS. Whether this association is causal needs further investigations.


How to cite this article:
Wijarnpreecha K, Thongprayoon C, Panjawatanan P, Ungprasert P. Insomnia and risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis.J Postgrad Med 2017;63:226-231


How to cite this URL:
Wijarnpreecha K, Thongprayoon C, Panjawatanan P, Ungprasert P. Insomnia and risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Postgrad Med [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Feb 26 ];63:226-231
Available from: http://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=2017;volume=63;issue=4;spage=226;epage=231;aulast=Wijarnpreecha;type=0


 
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