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  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   2001| January-March  | Volume 47 | Issue 1  
 
 
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BRIEF REPORT
Severe acute renal failure in malaria.
KS Mehta, AR Halankar, PD Makwana, PP Torane, PS Satija, VB Shah
January-March 2001, 47(1):24-6
PMID:11590286
BACKGROUND: We have noticed a recent rise in the incidence and severity of acute renal failure (ARF) in malaria. AIM: To study the incidence, severity and outcome of ARF in malaria. SETTING and DESIGN: It is a retrospective analysis of data of one year from a tertiary medical centre in a metropolitan city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with ARF and smear positive malaria were evaluated. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Results were expressed as mean, range and standard deviation. RESULTS: Out of 402 detected smear positive malaria, 24 had ARF. Eighteen were of the age group 21-40 years. Plasmodium falciparum (PF) was detected in 16, Plasmodium vivax in three, and mixed infection in five. Non-oliguric ARF was seen in 14. Eighteen showed severe ARF (Serum creatinine >5 mg%). Twenty-two patients needed dialysis. Prolonged ARF lasting for 2-6 weeks was seen in eight. Seventeen patients recovered completely, while seven showed fatal combination of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), severe ARF and PF malaria. No response was seen to chloroquine and artesunate given alone and twenty patients required quinine. CONCLUSION: ARF necessitating dialysis was seen in 92% of patients with ARF in malaria. PF infection, severe ARF, DIC and ARDS were poor prognostic factors. Resistance was noted to both chloroquine and artesunate.
  29 15,429 461
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Knowledge, attitude and practices of parents of children with febrile convulsion.
RC Parmar, DR Sahu, SB Bavdekar
January-March 2001, 47(1):19-23
PMID:11590285
CONTEXT: Parental anxiety and apprehension is related to inadequate knowledge of fever and febrile convulsion. AIMS: To study the knowledge, attitude, and practices of the parents of children with febrile convulsions. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective questionnaire based study in a tertiary care centre carried over a period of one year. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 140 parents of consecutive children presenting with febrile convulsion were enrolled. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Chi-square test. RESULTS: 83 parents (59.3%) could not recognise the convulsion; 90.7% (127) did not carry out any intervention prior to getting the child to the hospital. The commonest immediate effect of the convulsion on the parents was fear of death (n= 126, 90%) followed by insomnia (n= 48, 34.3%), anorexia (n= 46, 32.9%), crying (n= 28, 20%) and fear of epilepsy (n= 28, 20%). Fear of brain damage, fear of recurrence and dyspepsia were voiced by the fathers alone (n= 20, cumulative incidence 14.3%). 109 (77.9%) parents did not know the fact that the convulsion can occur due to fever. The long-term concerns included fear of epilepsy (n= 64, 45.7%) and future recurrence (n= 27, 19.3%) in the affected child. For 56 (40%) of the parents every subsequent episode of fever was like a nightmare. Only 21 parents (15%) had thermometer at home and 28 (20%) knew the normal range of body temperature. Correct preventive measures were known only to 41 (29.2%). Awareness of febrile convulsion and the preventive measures was higher in socio-economic grade (P< 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The parental fear of fever and febrile convulsion is a major problem with serious negative consequences affecting daily familial life.
  16 25,694 436
CASE REPORT
Pulmonary nocardiosis in human immunodeficiency virus infection: a tuberculosis mimic.
HS Subhash, DJ Christopher, A Roy, AM Cherian
January-March 2001, 47(1):30-2
PMID:11590288
Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are prone to develop pulmonary infections like nocardiosis. It is often misdiagnosed as pulmonary tuberculosis since the manifestations are similar. A twenty-seven years old male presented with fever, cough with expectoration and weight loss for two months. Chest radiograph showed opacity in the right mid zones. Sputum smears were negative for acid fast bacilli (AFB) and revealed gram positive branching filamentous organisms resembling Nocardia species. Subsequently, Nocardia was grown on sputum culture. HIV antibody was positive by ELISA test. He was treated with co-trimoxazole. If sputum is repeatedly tested negative for AFB in the setting of radiological suspicion of tuberculosis, testing for Nocardia species should be considered in the HIV-infected patients.
  11 9,381 261
Hepatic hydatid cyst rupturing into sub-diaphragmatic space and pericardial cavity.
SR Ahuja, S Karande, SR Koteyar, MV Kulkarni
January-March 2001, 47(1):37-9
PMID:11590291
A ten-year-old male child presented with a large hepatic hydatid cyst which ruptured into the sub-diaphragmatic space and pericardial cavity, giving rise to a pericardial effusion. This communication between the hydatid cyst and the pericardium was documented on computerised tomographic scan of the chest and abdomen. The cyst was aspirated carefully and then enucleated. There was an associated right-sided reactionary pleural effusion. The pericardial effusion and pleural effusion resolved on albendazole therapy and did not require surgical intervention.
  4 11,005 156
EDITORIAL
Doctor-patient relationship: the importance of the patient's perceptions.
SK Pandya
January-March 2001, 47(1):3-7
PMID:11590282
  4 16,522 317
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Non-atherosclerotic aorto-arterial thrombosis: A study of 30 cases at autopsy.
P Vaideeswar, JR Deshpande
January-March 2001, 47(1):8-14
PMID:11590283
BACKGROUND: Aorto-arterial thrombosis is very often associated with atherosclerotic and/or aneurysmal changes. Thrombosis, unrelated to these changes is infrequent. AIMS: To evaluate the clinical presentation and aetiopathogenesis of aorto-arterial thrombosis, unrelated to atherosclerosis and aneurysms. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 30 autopsied cases of non-atherosclerotic and non-aneurysmal aorto-arterial thrombosis collected over a period of 14 years was carried out. RESULTS: There were 23 males and seven females and majority presented in the third to fourth decades of life with clinical features of acute abdomen or lower limb gangrene. Abdominal aorta as the site of thrombosis was observed in 46.5% cases. The causes were attributed to hypercoagulable states and changes in the aortic wall. No aetiology could be identified in 5 patients (16.6%. Associated tuberculosis was seen in six cases. CONCLUSIONS: Non-atherosclerotic aortic thrombosis is a heterogeneous group of disorders. Young and even elderly patients with symptoms related to abdominal ischaemia or peripheral vascular disease should be investigated thoroughly for hypercoagulable states and aortic pathology.
  4 15,450 293
BRIEF REPORT
Clinical and aetiological profile of early onset diabetes mellitus: data from a tertiary care centre in the Indian subcontinent.
AH Zargar, MH Bhat, BA Laway, SR Masoodi
January-March 2001, 47(1):27-9
PMID:11590287
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in youth is emerging as a serious clinical entity and its incidence has increased over the years. AIM: To analyse the causes of DM in the age group of <40 years of age. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Tertiary care centre; retrospective analysis of data from January 1990 to December 1999. SUBJECTS AND MATERIAL: Analysis of data of all the subjects of DM in whom disease started before the 40th birthday. RESULTS: 724 subjects were detected to have diabetes mellitus before their 40th birthday. Of these, 205 had Type 1, 174 had Type 2 and 48 had fibrocalculous pancreatic diabetes. Males outnumbered in Type 1 and fibrocalculous pancreatic diabetes while as females in Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Chronic complications were more common in Type 2 diabetes mellitus. CONCLUSION: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is becoming an important cause of diabetes in subjects with onset of disease at younger age.
  3 9,115 216
CASE REPORT
Haemorrhagic pneumonitis: A rare presentation of leptospirosis.
ND Pai, PM Adhikari
January-March 2001, 47(1):35-6
PMID:11590290
Leptospirosis is an uncommon zoonosis. As a systemic disease, it presents itself by multisystem involvement. Pulmonary involvement with leptospirosis often is manifested by respiratory symptoms; but pneumonia commonly is not a prominent clinical manifestation of the illness. We report a case of leptospiral pneumonia in which pulmonary manifestations were primary clinical features of the illness. The prompt resolution of chest x-ray on institution of treatment is noteworthy.
  3 8,099 213
REVIEW ARTICLE
Rehabilitation of cancer patients.
M Pandey, BC Thomas
January-March 2001, 47(1):62-5
PMID:11590299
With the developments in cancer treatment, more and more patients are surviving their disease. However, very little emphasis is being placed to rehabilitate these cancer survivors. Ignorance, social structure, stigma attached in seeking psychological help, and poor communication skills of oncology staff all contribute to poor rehabilitative efforts. The priority of governmental agencies and health efforts to fight rampant communicable diseases, malnutrition, maternal health, and the frequent natural calamities, puts rehabilitation movements in the back seat. Treatment and prevention of disability and its rehabilitation requires comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach. There is an urgent need to promote physical and psychological rehabilitation.
  3 20,002 447
DRUG REVIEW
Rofecoxib: a new selective COX-2 inhibitor.
VD Rajadhyaksha, SA Dahanukar
January-March 2001, 47(1):77-8
PMID:11590304
  2 10,352 227
ETHICS FORUM
ICH harmonized tripartite guideline: Guideline for Good Clinical Practice.

January-March 2001, 47(1):45-50
PMID:11590294
  2 21,250 338
E-MEDICINE
Doctor.com: Why should a doctor have his own website?
A Malpani
January-March 2001, 47(1):40-1
PMID:11590292
  1 11,001 154
IMAGES IN MEDICINE
Prolapsing anterior urethral polyp.
A Jiwane, T Kumar, P Kothari, B Kulkarni
January-March 2001, 47(1):51-51
PMID:11590295
  1 11,796 139
IMAGES IN RADIOLOGY
Tuberculosis of pubic symphysis presenting with hypogastric mass.
DJ Balsarkar, MA Joshi
January-March 2001, 47(1):54-54
PMID:11590297
  1 8,557 136
LETTER TO EDITOR
Management of nephrolithiasis in crossed renal ectopia.
G Nabi, I Kasana, M Khan
January-March 2001, 47(1):66-7
PMID:11590301
  1 6,460 144
Percutaneous conservative management of emphysematous pyelonephritis.
KR Rathod, RS Narlawar, A Garg, S Lolge
January-March 2001, 47(1):66-66
PMID:11590300
  1 5,394 148
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Is internal podalic version a lost art? Optimum mode of delivery in transverse lie.
AR Chauhan, TT Singhal, VS Raut
January-March 2001, 47(1):15-8
PMID:11590284
AIM: To study the changing trend in the delivery of transverse lie, and its effect on neonatal outcome, in a developing country. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: This is a retrospective study involving records of 12 years of all patients with transverse lie. Neonatal outcome of births by internal podalic version (IPV) and lower segment caesarean section (LSCS) were compared. RESULTS: In the first six years, 37.3% of transverse lie underwent IPV and 62.7%, LSCS. In the next six years, 15.8% underwent IPV and 84.2%, LSCS. 87.7% and 12.3% of live babies were delivered by LSCS and IPV respectively. 52% of the live born IPV were discharged compared to 95% of LSCS babies. Neonatal outcome was best when IPV was performed on second twin. CONCLUSION: IPV has a role in the delivery of second twin, pre-viable and dead babies.
  1 26,060 190
SPECIAL ARTICLE
Neurobiological correlates of panic disorder and agoraphobia.
MK Al-Haddad, RP Sequeira, U Nayar
January-March 2001, 47(1):55-61
PMID:11590298
Panic Disorder and agoraphobia offer considerable diagnostic and management challenges, particularly in general practice. We describe a typical case of panic disorder in a young adult. The recent advances in our understanding of brain functions can be used to explain to a certain extent the biologic basis of panic disorder. A hypothetical model integrating current views on panic disorder and agoraphobia has been proposed. The management principles including the role of cognitive therapy and pharmacotherapy have been discussed.
  1 19,823 275
TECHNOLOGY REVIEW
A multiposition brain holder: a versatile appliance for microneurosurgical laboratory.
MG Bhatjiwale, A Goel, DP Muzumdar
January-March 2001, 47(1):82-3
PMID:11590305
  1 6,687 122
CASE REPORT
Angioembolisation in vaginal vascular malformation.
DN Srivastava, AK Saxena, A Kriplani, N Agarwal
January-March 2001, 47(1):33-4
PMID:11590289
Vaginal arteriovenous malformations are rare entities and their most common presentation is vaginal haemorrhage. This case report describes a 22-year-old woman who presented at 20 weeks of gestation with slow growing soft and tender swelling at anterior vaginal wall. Diagnosis was confirmed as vaginal vascular malformation on contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. The mass did not subside after delivery and patient developed dyspareunia. It was successfully treated by angioembolisation using polyvinyl alcohol particles. Angioembolisation being safe and effective should be the treatment of first choice for symptomatic vaginal vascular malformation.
  - 7,158 148
EDUCATION FORUM
Evolution of Medical Education Technology Unit in India.
PS Bhuiyan, NN Rege
January-March 2001, 47(1):42-4
PMID:11590293
  - 17,810 275
IMAGES IN PATHOLOGY
Myxoid liposarcoma of the spermatic cord.
YS Kashid, GK Bakshi, AS Joshi, JD Mohite
January-March 2001, 47(1):52-3
PMID:11590296
  - 10,419 155
LOOKING BACK
Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences.

January-March 2001, 47(1):70-2
PMID:11590302
  - 12,502 149
History of psychiatry in India.
SR Parkar, VS Dawani, JS Apte
January-March 2001, 47(1):73-6
PMID:11590303
  - 49,937 481
Online since 12th February '04
2004 - Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Official Publication of the Staff Society of the Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow