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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 252-258

Gender-based treatment outcomes in diabetic hypertension

1 Primary Care, Ministry of Health Manama, Manama, Bahrain
2 Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain

Correspondence Address:
KAJ Al Khaja
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Arabian Gulf University, Manama
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0022-3859.41433

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Background: In developing countries, gender-based treatment disparities in cardiovascular preventive therapy have received little attention. Aims: To evaluate the gender-based differences in cardiovascular disease risk profile, drug prescribing pattern, and blood pressure (BP) and glycemic control rates in diabetic hypertensives treated at primary care setting in Bahrain. Settings and Design: A retrospective study at primary care setting. Materials and Methods: An audit of the medical records of 392 diabetic hypertensives (127 men, 265 women). Results: BP and glycemic targets were achieved in <10% and <13% of diabetic hypertensives, respectively. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors monotherapy was more often prescribed in males. Apart from this, no significant differences in prescribing pattern were observed between male and female diabetic hypertensives treated with either antihypertensive mono or multidrug therapies. With the exception of insulin which was more often prescribed to females, a similar prescribing pattern and rank order of antidiabetics, either as monotherapy or combinations, was observed in both genders. The majority of diabetic hypertensives were at high cardiovascular risk. The body mass index and total cholesterol level were greater in females. Prescribing lipid-lowering drugs and aspirin were suboptimal; aspirin was more often prescribed to males. There was no gender-based difference with regard to the use of lipid-lowering drugs. Conclusions: BP and glycemic controls were suboptimal in both male and female diabetic hypertensives treated by primary care physicians. Cardiovascular disease preventive strategies have received little attention regardless of gender or other risk factors. Gender-based treatment inequities also need to be addressed.


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Online since 12th February '04
2004 - Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Official Publication of the Staff Society of the Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
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