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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 67  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 93-95

Could pure agraphia be the only sign of stroke? Lessons from two case reports

IRCCS Centro Neurolesi Bonino Pulejo, Messina, Italy

Correspondence Address:
R S Calabro
IRCCS Centro Neurolesi Bonino Pulejo, Messina
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpgm.JPGM_1066_20

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Agraphia is defined as the disruption of the previously intact writing skills due to an acquired brain damage. Stroke remains the most common cause of language impairment; however, writing disorders, including agraphia, are underestimated in patients with stroke. In this regard, we report two patients presenting with pure agraphia as an early symptom of stroke. Both patients complained of at least two difficulties in visualizing letter formation beforehand, the frequent need for verbal cues, misuse of lines and margins, poorly legible signature, and writing and thinking at the same time (e.g., creative thinking and taking notes). They underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging which revealed a small lacunar infarction of the left insula and external capsule (patient 1) and a small hemorrhagic lesion in the posterior limb of the left internal capsule (patient 2). To our knowledge, this is the first report on pure agraphia as the presenting symptom of stroke. We suggest that all patients with acute agraphia, even when presenting as an isolated symptom, should be evaluated for stroke, in order to better facilitate its diagnosis and treatment.


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Online since 12th February '04
2004 - Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Official Publication of the Staff Society of the Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, India
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow