Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
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Year : 2003  |  Volume : 49  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 123-6  

A comparison of intravenous ketoprofen versus pethidine on peri-operative analgesia and post-operative nausea and vomiting in paediatric vitreoretinal surgery.

R Subramaniam, B Ghai, M Khetarpal, MS Subramanyam 
 Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. , India

Correspondence Address:
R Subramaniam
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
India

AIM: To compare the efficacy of ketoprofen and pethidine for peri-operative analgesia and post-operative nausea and vomiting in children undergoing vitreoretinal surgery and surgery for retinal detachment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Children aged 7 to 16 years and ASA I status, undergoing vitreo-retinal surgery were randomly allocated to receive either ketoprofen 2mg/kg or pethidine 1mg/kg intravenously for peri-operative analgesia. In all patients, general anaesthesia was induced with thiopentone and intubation was facilitated with vecuronium bromide and maintained with 33% oxygen in nitrous oxide and isoflurane. Intra-operative and post-operative monitoring was done by an observer blinded to the technique. Intra-operative rescue analgesia was used if heart rate and/or blood pressure increased by 25% from pre-incision values. Post-operative pain and episodes of nausea and vomiting were evaluated at recovery (0 hour), 2, 6 and 24 hours intervals. Standard rescue analgesia and anti-emetic agents were administered if required. RESULTS: Eighty-six children were enrolled in the study. Forty-four received ketoprofen while 42 received pethidine. Intra-operative analgesia was comparable in both the groups and no significant difference was found in the requirement of intra-operative rescue analgesia, as well. Postoperatively 6/44 (13.6%) children in ketoprofen group had pain at recovery compared to 17/42 (40.4%) in pethidine group. Pain at 2, 6 and 24 hours, and postoperative analgesic requirement were not significantly different among the two groups. Post-operative nausea, vomiting, and antiemetic requirement were significantly less in the ketoprofen group at all time intervals. CONCLUSION: Ketoprofen is a satisfactory alternative analgesic to pethidine for vitreoretinal surgery and results in a lower incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting.


How to cite this article:
Subramaniam R, Ghai B, Khetarpal M, Subramanyam M S. A comparison of intravenous ketoprofen versus pethidine on peri-operative analgesia and post-operative nausea and vomiting in paediatric vitreoretinal surgery. J Postgrad Med 2003;49:123-6


How to cite this URL:
Subramaniam R, Ghai B, Khetarpal M, Subramanyam M S. A comparison of intravenous ketoprofen versus pethidine on peri-operative analgesia and post-operative nausea and vomiting in paediatric vitreoretinal surgery. J Postgrad Med [serial online] 2003 [cited 2021 Oct 21 ];49:123-6
Available from: https://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=2003;volume=49;issue=2;spage=123;epage=6;aulast=Subramaniam;type=0


 
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