Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
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Year : 2007  |  Volume : 53  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 92-95  

Outcomes of renal transplantation in patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy in India

B Chacko1, JT George1, N Neelakantan2, A Korula3, JK Chakko1 
1 Department of Nephrology, Christian Medical College, Vellore-632 004, India
2 Department of Biostatistics, Christian Medical College, Vellore-632 004, India
3 Department of Pathology, Christian Medical College, Vellore-632 004, India

Correspondence Address:
J K Chakko
Department of Nephrology, Christian Medical College, Vellore-632 004
India

Background: There is a paucity of data on the course of renal transplant in patients with immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy (IgAN) from India. While the natural history of IgAN in the Indian context is rapidly progressive, the post-transplant course remains speculative. Aim: To study the graft survival in renal transplant recipients whose native kidney disease was IgAN and the incidence and correlates of recurrent disease. Settings and Designs: Retrospective case control study from a Nephrology unit of a large tertiary care center. Materials and Methods: The outcomes of 56 transplant patients (58 grafts) with biopsy-proven IgAN and of 116 patients without IgAN or diabetic nephropathy, transplanted during the same period were analyzed. Correlates of biopsy-confirmed recurrent disease were determined. Statistical Analysis: Means were analyzed by Student«SQ»s t test and Mann-Whitney test; proportions were determined by Chi-square analysis and graft survival curves were generated using the Kaplan-Meier. Results: Five-year graft survival for IgA patients was not significantly different from that in the reference group (90% and 79%, P = 0.6). During a mean follow-up of 42 months (range, 1-144), 28 event graft biopsies were required in 20 grafts of IgAN. Histological recurrence was diagnosed in five of the 20 available biopsies (25%) after a mean duration of 28 months. Recurrence did not correlate with donor status, HLA B35 and A2, recipient age, gender or immunosuppression. Conclusions: Renal transplantation is an appropriate treatment modality for IgA nephropathy patients with end-stage renal disease in India, despite the potential for recurrent disease. The posttransplant course is an indolent one when compared to the malignant pretransplant phase.


How to cite this article:
Chacko B, George J T, Neelakantan N, Korula A, Chakko J K. Outcomes of renal transplantation in patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy in India.J Postgrad Med 2007;53:92-95


How to cite this URL:
Chacko B, George J T, Neelakantan N, Korula A, Chakko J K. Outcomes of renal transplantation in patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy in India. J Postgrad Med [serial online] 2007 [cited 2021 Jan 27 ];53:92-95
Available from: https://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=2007;volume=53;issue=2;spage=92;epage=95;aulast=Chacko;type=0


 
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