Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 263-270  

Risk factors for delirium and inpatient mortality with delirium

S Grover, D Ghormode, A Ghosh, A Avasthi, S Chakrabarti, SK Mattoo, S Malhotra 
 Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
S Grover
Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
India

Background: There is limited on the risk factors and mortality in patients with delirium from India. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors associated with delirium and inpatient mortality rates of patients diagnosed with delirium by psychiatry consultation liaison services. Materials and Methods: Three hundred and thirty-one patients diagnosed as delirium by the psychiatry consultation liaison services were examined on standardized instruments: Delirium Rating Scale Revised 98 version (DRS-R-98), amended Delirium Motor Symptom Scale (DMSS), Delirium Etiology Checklist (DEC), Charlson Comorbidity index, and a checklist for assessment of risk factors. Results: More than three medications as a risk factor and metabolic/endocrine disturbances as cause were observed to play largest role in development of delirium. The inpatient mortality rate was 12.4%. Compared to the survivor group, those who died were more likely to be young (<65 years), had significantly high rate of alcohol dependence and were more frequently restrained prior to development of delirium; of these only age <65 years and use of restraints emerged as the significant predictors of mortality in regression analysis. Conclusion: Age and use of restraints appears to be an important predictor mortality in patients with delirium.


How to cite this article:
Grover S, Ghormode D, Ghosh A, Avasthi A, Chakrabarti S, Mattoo S K, Malhotra S. Risk factors for delirium and inpatient mortality with delirium.J Postgrad Med 2013;59:263-270


How to cite this URL:
Grover S, Ghormode D, Ghosh A, Avasthi A, Chakrabarti S, Mattoo S K, Malhotra S. Risk factors for delirium and inpatient mortality with delirium. J Postgrad Med [serial online] 2013 [cited 2021 Apr 17 ];59:263-270
Available from: https://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=2013;volume=59;issue=4;spage=263;epage=270;aulast=Grover;type=0


 
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